A Guide to Linking into the Full Text Databases

Note: Due to changes in the CSU proxy server, some of these instructions may not be correct. The most reliable links will be through the Journal Locator/Find Article @ SCSU service. While I update this page, please contact me, Rebecca Hedreen, if you have trouble getting URL's for articles and other materials in the databases. You can email citations to me at hedreenr1@southernct.edu.


Most databases provide URL's for linking directly to a full text article from a reading list or other website. Unfortunately, every database company does it differently (and a few don't do it at all). This guide will lay out basic instructions for finding the full text link for most of the databases to which Buley Library subscribes, and list the ones that do not have linking abilities.

Examples are given for each database on a separate page (Examples are now out of date.)

The Proxy Server: a basic explanation

Most databases identify "legitimate" users by the IP address of the computer from which they are logging in. Any computer connected to the campus network should be covered within the campus IP range and allowed into the databases with no problem. The Proxy Server is the web server that allows users off campus to connect to our subscription databases. The Proxy Server acts by redirecting all communication with the database through the server, housed at CCSU. Users log in, using their campus ID number and Library PIN, and the server authenticates them to the database. The URLs for the databases are modified in a particular way to allow this to happen. The main domain part of the URL (up to the first / within the address) is modified with a prefix and a suffix: http://www.URL.com/ becomes http://0-www.URL.com.www.consuls.org/. In order for the article to be accessible to off campus users it must be in this format.

While most URL's displayed within the databases have the proxy server prefix/suffix, article records emailed from the databases may not have the correct format.

Using the Journal Locator for Linking

The simplest method of linking to articles is to use the Journal Locator/Find Article @ SCSU service. If you find full text via the Find Article @ SCSU links within the databases (), simply copy the address bar URL from the page with the Article links:

If you use the Journal Locator to find full text of an article, first look up the journal title, then click Look Up Article and enter the volume number, pages, etc. The results screen should look similar to the above, and can be linked to using the Address Bar URL.


In general, when you are looking at a page within a database, the URL in the address bar contains a session number or other time-specific information and cannot be used to link back to the article. In some cases, the URL in the address bar will work. In a few cases, there is no way to link directly to an article.

Most of the links provided go to the article record, rather than the actual full text. Links in the article record (HTML Full Text, PDF Full Text, etc.) will lead to the full text.

Databases which use the address bar URL for linking.

Copy the URL from the browser address bar and paste into your document.

Databases that have no linking function:

Databases that have URL's within the record. Click on the database name or vendor to see details on how to find or produce the URL.

ACM | Cambridge Scientific Abstracts | CONSULS | CQ Researcher | Credo/XReferPlus | EBSCO | Education: A Sage Full-Text Collection | Emerald Library Suite | Encyclopedia Britannica | FirstSearch | Gerritsen Collection: Women's History Online | IIMP: International Index to Music Periodicals | JSTOR | LION Literature Online | MathSciNet | Naxos | NetLibrary | Oxford English Dictionary | Oxford Reference Online | Proquest | Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy | Science Direct |

ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) Digital Library

The ACM provides a permanent URL with each record, marked DOI Bookmark.

Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA) (Education: A Sage Full Text Collection)

The URL's for these must be constructed, and will lead to the PDF copy of the article. Add the DOI number to the base URL:


The DOI number is found on the article record screen (click on the title of the article or the View Record link from the results list).

username= scst58&access=scst5858&db=sageduc-set-c&mode


All CONSULS Library Catalog links can be used directly out of the address bar, but many searches produce very long, complex URLs. The cleanest URLs are produced by adding the ISBN or ISSN to the base search URL for publisher numbers:



CQ Researcher

Click on "CiteNow" link to see the URL.

NOTE: The CQ Researcher article will appear in a pop-up window over the CQ Researcher main page and may be affected by pop-up blockers.


Use the link given in the suggested citation at the end of each entry.

The Ebsco Databases

All Ebsco databases (Academic Search Premier, Business Source Premier, ERIC, MEDLINE, etc.) provide simple URL's within the individual record screen for each article.

  1. Once you find the desired article, click on the title from the results list or the Citation link from other views.
  2. Near the bottom of the record will be a field labeled Persistent link to this record. This link will go this record page with the abstract and links to the full text files (HTML and/or PDF).
  3. This URL includes the proxy server information and can be used directly in any web page.

You can also link to searches (or rather, to the results page) by using the URL that is displayed when you click the "Display link to this search" link at the top of the results page.

Emerald Library Suite (Updated Nov. 19, 2005)

Emerald's full text articles can be linked by modifying the URL on the article description screen (click on the article title from your results.) Note: Be sure to check to see if the full text is available. All results have a View HTML link. Abstract only articles have a little green A icon . Full text articles may have a View PDF link but some just have a View HTML link. Articles to which we are not subscribed have a lock icon .

View HTML | View PDF (29 KB)
Title: Distance learning - efficient and effective but no panacea
Author(s): John Coffey
Journal: Education + Training
ISSN: 0040-0912
Year: 1998 Volume: 40 Issue: 6/7 Page: 244 - 246
DOI: 10.1108/00400919810233929
Publisher: MCB UP Ltd
Abstract: Distance learning is examined and suggestions are made as to how organisations can obtain the most from their investment in this form of study. The importance of identifying clearly the context in which learning will take place is highlighted. Examples are given, as well as comments from participants.
Keywords: Distance learning, Training
Article Type: Research paper
6 Articles citing this article
Article URL: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/00400919810233929

Replace www.emeraldinsight.com with 0-www.emeraldinsight.com.csulib.ctstateu.edu to allow off campus access.


Encyclopedia Britannica

Use the URL given in the citation guide at the end of each article.


The FirstSearch Databases (including Article 1st and WilsonSelect Plus) provide a linking service that will email the correct URL to you.

  1. From either HTML or PDF full text views, click on the Link Pickup button at the upper right.
  2. You can copy the IP recognition URL directly from the following screen, have the link emailed, or download it to your computer (you can open the downloaded file in any text reader or word processor).

FirstSearch link

Gerritsen Collection: Women's History Online

Click on the link marked "Durable URL for this record". A pop-up window will open with the URL.

IIMP: International Index to Music Periodicals

Click on "Durable Links" on the Citation or Text pages.


JSTOR provides a non-proxied URL for each article in the search results list. You will need to add the proxy information, however: replace http://links.jstor.org/ with http://0-links.jstor.org.www.consuls.org/ at the beginning of the URL and leave everything else the same.


LION: Literature Online

Click on "Durable URL for this text".


Click on Record Number (MRxxxxxx) to view the abstract. Click on the Make Link link and copy the URL from the address bar.

Naxos Music Library & Naxos Music Library: Jazz

Click on the Show Static URL button below the cover art; links will appear below each track title.


Netlibrary URL's to individual electronic books (e-books) must be constructed using the following pattern:


Replace xxxxxx with the Product ID: View the eBook and choose eContent Details.


Oxford English Dictionary

The URL from the address bar for a dictionary entry contains information about the search your used to find the entry, as well as the address of the entry itself. The address to the plain entry ends at the first entry number.

This is a link containing the search information:

This is the link for the entry alone:

Either link can be used, but the plain entry URL is more managable.

Oxford Reference Online

Use the URL given in the suggested citation at the end of each entry.


Proquest databases (including ABI/Inform, New York Times Archives, GenderWatch, Hoover's, and the Proquest Newstand-Christian Science Monitor, Hartford Courant, Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Wall Street Journal and Washington Post) provide a link to a URL on the Abstract, Full Text, Page Map, or PDF pages. Click on Copy Link for a pop-up window with the URL.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Use the URL given in the suggested citation at the end of each entry.

Science Direct

Science Direct does not provide the actual text of the linking URL. It provides a DOI link (an international standard document identification). You must copy the link using the browser copy functions.

  1. In the SummaryPlus or FullText + Links view (not the PDF), look for the DOI link above the article title. Hovering the mouse pointer over the link will display the URL in at the bottom of the browser window in most browsers.
    Science Direct
  2. In Windows, right-click on the link and select the Copy Link or Copy Shortcut option. Paste the link into your own document.
    On a Mac, click and hold until the "context" menu comes up (or Ctrl-click) and choose the equivalent "copy link" function, then paste into your document.

  3. More information on linking is available at the Science Direct Help Page, Setting up short-cut links.



*For formatting purposes, these links have "soft returns" (Alt-Enter in most Windows programs) after each line. If you copy the link, you may need to copy each line separately.

Rebecca Hedreen
Distance Education Librarian
2007, July.